PPL Navigation



#1 You are flying between WANGANUI and NEW PLYMOUTH. Track is 305°M. AT 2243 UTC the aircraft position is pinpointed on track 10nm from WANGANUI. Aircraft maintains a HDG 315°M and TAS 115kt. AT 2303 UTC the aircraft position is pinpointed 45nm from WANGANUI and is on track. The WIND DIRECTION and SPEED between WANGANUI and NEW PLYMOUTH is?

#2 With a pressure altitude of 4,000ft you read +15°C on your OAT and have an IAS of 120 kt. What is your TAS?

#3 When leaving NZOM the QNH was 1019, arriving in NZTM the QNH was 1011. What would have been the danger of not changing the QNH during the flight?

#4 Your GS during a climb is 90 kt and the rate of climb is 600ft/min. Your climb started at 1,400 ft and finishes at 8,000 ft. What horizontal distance will you have travelled during the climb?

#5 The distance between A and B is 185 nm. The aircraft TAS is 130 kt, affected by a wind component of +20 kt. What will be the time taken to fly from A to B?

#6 Evening Civil Twilight (ECT)

#7 Given: Variation 20°E, Wind Effect 10° starboard (right) drift, Deviation 3°W. The COMPASS HEADING required to fly a TRUE TRACK of 320° is:

#8 Convert 240 KM to NM

#9 With a pressure altitude of 8,000ft you read -20°C on the OAT and 130 kt IAS. What is your TAS?

#10 With the Altimeter set to QNH, the altimeter reads?

#11 You are flying between PARAPARAUMU and PALMERSTON NORTH. Since departing PARAPARAUMU a constant heading has been maintained and the aircraft has remained on track. Flight plan track 040°M, Heading is 027°M. From your present position you plan to reverse track and return to PARAPARAUMU. The approximate heading required to reverse track is:

#12 SARTIME is 0930, when will search and rescue be initiated?

#13 You’ve been travelling for 50min during the day and have used 11 US Gal. You have 1 hour and 10 mins remaining to your destination. How much fuel in litres including legal reserves do you need for the remainder of your trip?

#14 You are planning a flight in an un-pressurised aircraft with no on-board supplemental oxygen storage or generation system. Your EET from departure to destination is 50 mins. The magnetic track is 130 degrees magnetic. What is the highest altitude you should use for planning purposes

#15 You are flying FROM Nelson TO Omaka and are mantaining your track of 095°T with 20° port (left) drift. Given variation is 24°E in the area and the highest terrain is 1,900 feet, which is the lowest cruising level available to you?

#16 Consider the following statements and select the one that is the correct option

#17 Convert 82 kilograms to pounds

#18 You are maintaining your track of 257°T with a heading of 230°M when you encounter bad weather and have to turn home. What is the reciprocal heading required to maintain your return track. Variation is 21°E

#19 With an average fuel consumption rate of 35 Ltr/hr you have calculated your flight during the day to take 1 hour and 15 mins. How much fuel in pounds do you need to have on board including legal reserves for your planned trip?

#20 Convert 45 litres of Avgas to pounds

#21 The beginning of Morning Civil Twilight occurs when?


#22 You are the PIC of a radio equipped aircraft carrying out a VFR flight within a VFR transit lane. Before operating within a transit lane are you required to obtain an ATC clearance from the (i) Area Air Traffic Control or (ii) Aerodrome Approach Control Service?

#23 You are arriving into Hokitika and the surface wind velocity is reported as 250°M/25 (variation at Hokitika is 22°E) What is the headwind component for runway 22?

#24 Define Track-Made-Good (TMG)

#25 The required track between ‘A’ and ‘B’ is 105°M. You have maintained a constant heading ot 113°M since departing from ‘A’. After flying for 10 min at a groundspeed of 180kt you obtain a pinpoint that indicated the aircraft is 2nm right of track. Variation is 21°E. The TMG that the aircraft has been flying since departing ‘A’ is?